Types of Spaniel Dogs: 15 Spaniel Dog Breeds

Spaniels were historically developed to be nimble, active, and passionate hunting partners. These dogs are exceptional at flushing out, finding, and retrieving game on a variety of surfaces, including water. Spaniels are still commonly kept as companion animals and are still employed for hunting.

1 - American Water Spaniel

American Water Spaniel Dog

An outdoor dog that loves swimming and hunting, the American Water Spaniel is cheerful and active. It originated in the lake area of the upper Midwest. Though shy with outsiders and a little headstrong, they are known to be upbeat, eager, and lovable.

2 - American Cocker Spaniel

American Cocker Spaniel

One of the best-known spaniels is the American cocker spaniel. It's the smallest breed in the Sporting Group of the American Kennel Club. They are adored by dog lovers all around the world for their small stature, vibrant personalities, and endearing expressions. This people-oriented and energetic breed loves the company of polite children and is intelligent, athletic, and ready to please. They typically get along with other dogs as well. If not kept short-clipped, their coat is high-maintenance and will need frequent grooming.

3 - Boykin Spaniel

Boykin Spaniel Dog

The Boykin Spaniel is a medium-sized, rich-brown-coated flushing and retrieving dog that is active, eager, cheerful, and trainable. Previously, South Carolina's best-kept secret was this calm housedog and tenacious bird dog.

4 - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Just take a look at that adorable dog, who is obviously aware of how adorable he is, staring into the distance like such a runway model in the midst of New York Fashion Week. The amiable Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is entirely adaptable and has a beautiful face framed by those large, long ears. He is happy to play fetch, but he also enjoys spending hours curled up on your lap.

5 - Clumber Spaniel

Clumber Spaniel Dog

The Clumber, one of the largest spaniels on our list, is more composed than many of its other working cousins. Clummers are usually calm in and around the house. They aren't as quick or energetic as cockers or springers, but they can be identified once they pick up a scent. Although they can be suspicious around strangers, they benefit from positive socialization and training. Clumbers are infamous for being jowly. You should be equipped to wipe up a sizable amount of drool. You might have to join a waiting list to get a Clumber puppy from a reputable dealer because they are rather uncommon in the United States.

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Brittany Dog

Sportsmen on both sides of the Atlantic prize the Brittany for its grace and adaptability as a gun-dog. Brittany demand a lot of activity, preferably with their favorite people. At home, they are brisk and energetic, and outside, they are tenacious.

7 - English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

The loving and sociable English springer spaniel would be your best canine companion—possibly even more so than a two-legged one! whether you enjoy outdoor adventures, hunting, or running.

8 - Welsh Springer Spaniel

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Although slightly smaller, the Welsh springer spaniel is closely tied to its English counterpart. They are solely marked in red and white. The Welshie is a loving, energetic, and content dog. They are also renowned for being a little less frantic outside and a little more relaxed indoors. This breed grows strong relationships with its family. To keep them from getting upset, they require a home where people are present for the majority of the day. Additionally, they are more likely to bark alertly and may be a little warier around strangers.

9 - Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel

One of the most popular breeds in the world is the happy and frolicsome Cocker Spaniel, with his wild, dreamy eyes and mischievous disposition. Cocker spaniels were bred initially as hunting dogs, but they eventually gained popularity as all-around companions.

10 - Irish Water Spaniel

Irish Water Spaniel

A fluffy, low-shedding puppy that's eager to become your kids' favorite secret keeper? Definitely an Irish Water Spaniel! They are rambunctious and full of energy, which helps them be the finest dog ever. They typically earn all As in puppy kindergarten.

11 - English Toy Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel

English toy spaniels are renowned for their happy dispositions and cuddly characteristics. It resembles the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in appearance, and like that breed, it makes a lovely companion dog. It will willingly follow you everywhere you go because it is loyal and extremely connected to its family. They love to sit on your lap and are excellent cuddlers. You can't leave this breed unattended for too long. They merely require light exercise; a few daily walks will do.

12 - Field Spaniel

Field Spaniel Dog

The charming and dainty Field Spaniel, despite its reputation for being calm, is lively and game for anything while having fun or working in the field. These close relatives of the Cocker and Springer Spaniels, though limited in number, are very beautiful.

13 - Sussex Spaniel

Sussex Spaniel

A true-blue and loving Sussex spaniel is great at using his nose, so bring him on a marsh search or use a "sniffer" to explore the park. This breed of spaniel is an instinctive swimmer and requires less activity than the majority of the other dogs on this list.

14 - Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)


The diminutive spaniel known as the Dutch kooikerhondje, or Kooiker for short, has a laid-back disposition. Due to their small size and amiable disposition, this breed has long been a companion to duck hunters, but today they are experts in dog sports like flyball and agility. Kooiker are low-maintenance, observant family pets, although they might be suspicious of strangers. Aside from their striking white and orange (or red) coats, kooiker are well-known for their long black hair thinning or "earrings" on their ears.

15 - Papillon

Papillon Dog

The Papillon is an adorable toy dog with cheerful athleticism and a quick wit. The Pap is actually a "doggy dog," blessed with a tough constitution, despite his polished appearance. The Papillon is characterized by admirers as being upbeat, attentive, and friendly.

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