How to Take Good Care of a Pet Hen

Some people may think of chickens as exclusively farm creatures. But as local laws allow them, it's also rather usual for homes in cities and suburbs to keep pet hens. There are numerous breeds of chickens available, such as Brahmas, Rhode Island Reds, Easter eggs, and Silkies. The sizes and colours of the breeds vary. Pet chickens are relatively low-maintenance and quiet. Their habitat does require some space, and they have a rather simple diet. In exchange for your care, they usually offer you fresh eggs. Here you can learn how to care for a pet hen on your own:

Behaviour and Temperament of Hens


Since chickens are gregarious flock animals, we will need to purchase multiples. They can come to feel at ease in human company, particularly if they are handled carefully from an early age. Many come to be petted and to spend time with those who look after them. While some people would like not to be restrained, others are okay with being picked up.

Although they are not usually violent, they may scratch or peck if they feel uneasy or threatened. They should also normally be kept apart from other home pets like dogs and cats because they serve as prey animals and could cause unnecessary stress or harm.

You should budget at least a few hours a day for engagement, cleaning, and feeding your hens. Although they do emit a few mild vocalisations, they are generally silent pets.

Details of Size


Breeds of chickens can differ greatly in size. They typically weigh about five pounds and are shorter than two feet.


Hen Care

Chickens cannot be housebroken and require room to roam. For this reason, they are typically kept in outside coops with runways connected. It is advised to provide each chicken with a minimum of between three and five square feet of area.

Although they should have ventilation, chicken coops ought to be protected from severe weather. And both coops and runs must have security from predators. Predators should not be able to crawl under fences or walls; instead, fencing ought to be buried deep into the ground in order to keep them out. In order to shield chicken runs from hawks as well as other predators, wire or netting roofs are also recommended.

A space off the ground for roosting and, at minimum, one nest box for every four hens should be included in the coop. In chilly weather, you may require a heat lamp, depending on your climate. Moreover, keep water and feeders available at all times.

Unique Substrate Requirements


Add a few inches of straw to the coop's floor for bedding. This will provide warmth in the cold and cushion the floor. Every day, give your hens' enclosure a quick spot inspection. And around once a month, take out all of the coop's bedding, give the walls and floor a good scrub, let it dry, and then replace it with new bedding.

What Foods and Drinks Do Hens Eat?


As omnivores, chickens consume both animals and plants. That includes grains, fruits, vegetables, herbs, and insects in general.

To address the nutritional demands of your chickens, provide enough commercial chicken feed. For the exact amount, consult your veterinarian, as it may differ depending on age and other variables. Since chickens like to graze all day, most owners put a daily supply of food in a special hopper feeder that is placed inside the enclosure every morning. There should always be chicken feed on hand.

Along with a small number of grains, like cracked corn and oats, you can also provide a range of vegetables and fruits every day. Talk to your veterinarian about the right amount to feed your pet. The pelleted diet and fresh foods should be placed in different feeding dishes.

Lastly, make sure your hens have access to fresh water at all times. You can get waterers that resemble the feeders that are placed on the ground in your henhouse. Water troughs are another option. Every day, replace the water.

Typical health issues


Although backyard chickens are generally resilient creatures, they are susceptible to a few common health problems, such as:

1: Viral and bacterial illnesses
2: Insect parasites
3: Fungus-related illnesses
4: Harm caused by wolves

Work out


In addition to keeping them in good physical condition for laying eggs, adequate exercise also helps to keep health problems like obesity at bay. Your hens should get all the exercise they require if you give them enough room to roam around and don't put them in too tight quarters. Additionally, there are chicken toys that can get the chickens active, like treat dispensers.



Most of the time, chickens groom themselves by preening and giving themselves a "dust bath." Dust baths can remove detritus and even parasites from a chicken's feathers or skin, as well as help absorb excess oils from certain areas. Moreover, some hens may not normally wear down the nails to the necessary degree, so you or a veterinarian may need to clip them from time to time. If you're willing, a vet can usually show you what it takes to do that at home.

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