What health issues are Pomeranians prone to?

If you currently own a Pomeranian or are considering having one in the future, you should be aware of the common health issues the breed is prone to. Knowing this will enable you to keep an eye out for it and assist your animal friend when necessary. These are the most typical problems that you need to watch out for. 

Health Issues That Pomeranians Frequently Face

1 - Patella luxation


Small breeds are frequently affected by patella luxation, a condition where the kneecap momentarily slips out of position until popping back in. Although an injury can potentially result in it, abnormal bone development is what causes it to happen. You might notice your Pom "skipping" or occasionally walking on three legs before switching to four legs like nothing had happened if they have this issue. A dog's patella luxation is normally classified from one to five, with grades one and two usually not requiring treatment and grades three and up perhaps requiring surgical repair.

2 - Lost Coat (Black Skin Disease)


There are a few potential ways for Poms to lose their hair. First of all, they may experience severe hair loss due to SHLS. Their fur begins to thin at this time, notably on their bottom and on their back. They are susceptible to Alopecia X as well. The term "Black Skin Disease" may also be used to describe it. This is typically observed in puppies with overly thick coats that lack guard hairs and do not shed. As the coat sheds, protective hairs are left behind and irritate the skin. They can also have it throughout their lives, when the coat first grows in normally but gradually starts to thin out.

The best defence against this is good grooming. You can either learn how to care for your Pomeranian yourself or take them to a groomer. You can trust them to be in good hands because they will be knowledgeable about how to properly groom Pomeranians.

3 - Hypoglycemia

Pomeranian Puppy

If blood sugar levels abruptly plummet, hypoglycemia ensues. For dogs, this can be extremely risky and occasionally fatal. Small-breed dogs and puppies under the age of three months are most frequently affected by the illness. Weakness, decreased appetite, poor coordination, shaking, muscular twitching, or seizures are some of the indications that can emerge suddenly.

As Pomeranian owners, you should administer it to your pet as soon as hypoglycemia symptoms appear. Then, as soon as possible, take your dog to a veterinarian for medical attention.

4 - Reverse Sneezing


When air is quickly and violently inhaled via the nose, it causes reverse sneezing, which causes snorts that may resemble sounds like coughing or honking. It is brought on by irritation in the larynx or palate region, which sets off pharyngeal muscle spasms. It could be brought on by a nasal irritant, an allergic reaction, or airborne irritants like smoke, pollen, and perfume. Most of the time, reverse sneezing will cease after a short while, but if you're worried or if it's happening a lot, talk to your veterinarian. They might suggest antihistamines if they think it's an allergy.

5 - Tracheal Collapse

Pomeranian Puppy

A tracheal collapse is a usual health problem in Pomeranians. Cartilage rings serve as the framework for the trachea, or windpipe. Small dog breeds have cartilage that is more vulnerable to damage. Despite the possibility of a genetic component, the illness is occasionally avoidable. A distinctive honking sound, coughing, wheezing, or problems breathing are indications of tracheal collapse. If you think your Pomeranian may be experiencing a tracheal collapse, take them to the clinic. Surgery is done to stabilize the windpipe in particularly serious circumstances when Pomeranians don't react to conventional treatments.

6 - Cataracts

Pomeranian Puppy

Among the most prevalent issues affecting dogs' eyes is cataracts in dogs. Pomeranians and other toy breeds are more susceptible to this health issue than larger breeds are. Canine cataracts come in a number of forms and have a wide range of causes for development. They can also develop at any age. A change in eye color (sometimes gray or white), running into walls because of blurred vision, and swelling or redness around the eyes are all symptoms.
A veterinarian can determine whether your Pomeranian has cataracts by doing an eye exam if you think your dog might. Although many cataracts may be surgically removed, early identification is crucial.

Keeping Pomeranians' health concerns at bay


The aforementioned conditions that Pomeranians are more prone to in terms of health are stated above. Your pet is only more likely to contract these illnesses; there is no assurance that they will. You should always make sure that you get pups from an established breeder who is informed and concerned regarding the welfare and future health of the breed in order to lower the likelihood that your dog will develop these conditions. To lessen the possibility of inherited conditions, responsible breeders will see to it that breeding dogs undergo all required screenings and tests.

Once you've gotten your puppy, make sure they get a balanced diet, enough exercise, and routine checkups with the vet to keep them happy and healthy for the rest of their lives. These are the most typical health conditions for Pomeranians to watch out for.

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