Interesting Facts About Reindeer for Kids

It's that time of year when reindeer fill people's imaginations—and decorate their sweaters. However, these fascinating animals are more than festival symbols; they are culturally significant yet strange polar species. Here are some fascinating facts about the strange mammal known as the reindeer.


1 - They create a "grunting" noise.

Reindeer

The majority of individuals say that when reindeer make noise, it sounds similar to grunting. Even though there have been moments when they have been described as sounding like barks, gas passing, or farting,


2 - The reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh are female.

Reindeer

Males reindeer lose their antlers in December after breeding season, however female reindeer remain their antlers all year. This implies that any reindeer seen pulling Santa's sleigh on December 24 has to be female, since males would have shed their antlers by then.


3 - Reindeer have excellent maneuverability in snowy conditions.

Reindeer

The hooves of reindeer are huge and unusual, having four "toes" on each foot. In the harsh Arctic environment, their hooves provide them with various advantages. To avoid becoming submerged in the snow, its toes are splayed apart to appropriately distribute their body mass and stabilize their stance on the ground.


4 - They could see things that humans cannot.

Reindeer

Reindeer are the only animals that can perceive ultraviolet light, according to researchers at the University of London. While humans can only see wavelengths up to 400 nanometers (one billionth of a meter), they can see up to 320 nanometers, which includes the spectrum that humans can only perceive with a black light. This allows them to see food and enemies more clearly in the harsh Arctic light.


5 - Reindeer herds can number in the hundreds.

Reindeer

It's not uncommon to observe 15 reindeer performing daily activities together. Even during the spring season, however, they can establish massive herds of over 100,000 animals. They frequently wander over a thousand kilometers to find food, especially in the winter season.


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Reindeer

Reindeer are found mostly in the Arctic, where winter is actually cooler and darker than summer. Reindeer hooves are soft in the summer but harsh and pointy in the winter as they break through the ice to graze for grass. Reindeer eyes react to seasonal fluctuations in light intensity. Their tapetum (the region of the eye behind the iris) changes color from gold to blue there in summertime to blue in the winter. However, until someone shined a light in the animals' eyes, you wouldn't see the difference.


7 - Reindeer is a species of deer.

Reindeer

Reindeer are a type of deer, as the name would suggest. The ability of both the male and female to develop antlers makes them the only deer species that can. In fact, the 'tines', or points, on a male deer's antlers can reach a staggering length of 1.4 meters.


8 - They can swim like experts.

Reindeer

Reindeer are well capable of navigating bodies of water over their wide migratory journey. Adults may swim at a speed of 6.5 kph (4 mph) and even 10 kph (6 mph) if they are in a hurry.


9 - The authentic red-nosed reindeer.

Reindeer

You might recall Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer and his gleaming schnoz. According to scientists, having a rosy nose is not only possible but also typical of Santa's canine companions. Reindeer noses contain 25% more blood vessels than humans. This keeps their nostrils warm, allowing them to warm up the cold air before inhaling it. Extreme cold or exertion boosts blood flow, and because their noses have so many more blood vessels, they might develop a pale rosy tint.


10 - Their hair is void.

Reindeer

Whenever it came to Arctic fur coats, the denser the better, one would imagine. While reindeer possess thick, wooly undercoats, their upper layer is made up of longer, tubular hairs. Its hollow shaft allows the hair to trap air, which acts as insulation, keeping the animals warm in cold situations. Their white hue is partially due to the emptiness of their coats.

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