Things to Know Before Adopting a Papillon Dog

The Papillon, French for "butterfly," is a spaniel-type dog breed. One of the earliest toy spaniels, its name comes from the butterfly-like appearance of its long and fringed hair on the ears. Here are some things to consider before adopting one for yourself or a family member.


Papillon Dog

Papillons are often friendly, extroverted dogs that enjoy cuddling up on people's laps as much as they enjoy rushing around the home. Despite being lively and vivacious, they are not seen as tense, anxious, or afraid, and they do rarely bark excessively. The average papillon likes to interact with cats and other canines. Larger animals will play with papillons without hesitation, but owners must watch out should the larger animal mistake the papillon for prey. Children have to be careful not to play rough with these vivacious small canines because Papillons enjoy playing with them as well. The Papillon is a favorite in obedience competitions due to its attentiveness, intelligence, and passion to please. Additionally, they are renowned for their abilities in agility, therapy dog work, and tracking.


Papillon Dog

There are Papillon portraits from the 16th century, which attest to the breed's antiquity and durability. They were all portrayed in various works of art by Rubens, Watteau, Boucher, Van Dyke, Rembrandt, and Fragonard, frequently with their devoted mistresses. Court women all around Europe favored the little spaniels. They were shipped by traders through France, Italy, and Spain in baskets hauled by mules.

Early small spaniels had drop ears, like the Papillon. The name "Papillon" was given to a little spaniel that was developed at the court of Louis XIV in the 17th century because of its resemblance to a butterfly. The names "Epagneul Nain" (dwarf spaniel), "Dwarf Continental Spaniels," "Little Squirrel Dogs," and "Belgian Toy Spaniels" have also been used to describe this breed over time.

Except for the ears, there was only a major change in color in the breed's appearance. Originally all one color, the miniature spaniels are now white with coloured markings. A modern Papillon otherwise closely resembles a piece of art from the Louvre. The Phalene is a sort of drop-eared creature, but he is less frequent. The Papillon ranks 35th out of 155 breeds and sub-breeds that the American Kennel Club has registered.


Because they are intelligent dogs, papillons can be trained to take part in dog activities or participate in obedience contests. Despite being small, they are more energetic than the average lap dog and prefer to be busy exploring. The Papillons enjoy social engagement and intellectual challenge. Therefore, if they are left alone for extended periods of time, they may experience separation anxiety and behavioral issues.

1 - Grooming

Papillon Dog Breed

Despite having long, silky hair, Papillons require surprisingly little maintenance because they don't have an undercoat. Grooming is acceptable once a month or so. Owners should brush the "culottes," or thigh hair, behind the ears, inside the back legs, and on the hair there because mats form there frequently in between complete grooming sessions. Papillons require bathing every several months or more frequently if they become particularly muddy or unclean. The Papillon's dew claw grows quickly and needs to be cut from time to time since it might bend and pierce the leg. Finally, it's crucial to practice regular oral hygiene.

2 - Exercise


The majority of their exercise requirements will be met by play, but like all dogs, play isn't really sufficient for all forms of exercise. A wonderful technique to train a Papillon is to go for daily walks or runs. They also like having a wonderful time off-leash in a suitable open space, such as a sizable, gated yard. Papillons are an extremely energetic breed of dog that enjoys working. Due to their intellect and high level of energy, Papillon breeders advise dog agility, rally obedience, or discipline training for Papillons.

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3 - Training

Papillon Dog

Although the Papillon breed is extremely intelligent and, therefore, should learn if you are patient, it can have a feisty and obstinate tendency like many little dogs. Training in obedience consistently is essential. If you don't properly teach them, they will become the leader of the pack towards humans, in addition to the other dogs in the home. This may result in little dog syndrome, in which the dog jumps up and growls at the owner, among other undesirable behaviors.

4 - Nutrition

Papillon Dog

The Papillon should flourish on premium dog food, whether it is manufactured commercially or at home with your veterinarian's advice and approval. The diet must be age-appropriate for the dog. Because some dogs are more prone to obesity, keep an eye on your dog's calorie consumption and weight. Treats can be an effective training tool, but too much of them might encourage obesity. Learn which foods are safe for dogs to eat and which are not. Consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns about the health or diet of your dog.

5 - Health Concerns

Papillon Dog Breed

Although seizures, dental disorders, and patellar luxation might be problems, papillons' health issues are generally minimal. They may also be susceptible to allergies, intervertebral disc disease, and progressive retinal atrophy.

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