Did You Know Which Country Has the World's Largest Desert?

Many people are unaware that the world's largest desert has cold temperatures. We, like most people, connect the term "desert" with only extremely hot weather. This misunderstanding may have resulted from the fact that we define deserts as barren or deserted. As a result, we frequently envision deserts with seemingly unending sand dunes. However, frozen wastelands might also be classified as "deserts." Check out our list to learn about the world's largest desert and its analogues.

1 - Antarctic Desert

Antarctic Desert

The Antarctic Desert is the world's largest desert, covering the entire continent of Antarctica, which is located over the South Pole. The area's name has far more superlatives than that of the largest desert alone.
Antarctica is the world's coldest, driest, and windiest continent, with the greatest average elevation of any continent. Antarctica receives only 20 mm of precipitation each year, which falls only along the shore. Raindrops condenses into tiny snowflakes that covered the huge ice sheets' outer surfaces because the continent is much too cold for rainfall.

2 - Arctic Desert

Arctic Desert

The frigid Arctic Desert is the world's second-largest desert, located in the planet's northern polar region. The desert runs across the Arctic Ocean for 2,000 kilometers from east to west and 1,000 kilometers from north to south, encompassing several island groupings off Norway's and Russia's north coasts.
The Arctic Desert shares many environmental characteristics with the Antarctic Desert, with the exception of a somewhat greater precipitation rate of 50 cm per year, which is almost the same as the Sahara.

3 - Sahara


The Sahara Desert is located on the African continent. With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometers (3,600,000 square miles), it is the world's largest hot desert as well as the third-largest desert overall, trailing only the deserts of Antarctica and the northern Arctic. Much of North Africa is desert, with the exception of the lush Mediterranean Sea coast, the Atlas Mountains of the Maghreb, and the Nile Valley in Egypt and Sudan. It stretches from the Red Sea in the east to the Mediterranean in the north and the Atlantic Ocean in the west, passing through deserts and coastal lowlands.

4 - Deserts of Australia

Deserts of Australia

The Australian deserts occupy around 2,700,000 km 2 (1,000,000 sq mi), or 18% of the Australian land area. However, around 35% of the Australian continent gets so little rain that it is effectively desert. According to international standards, the Great Australian Desert gets relatively high rates of evaporation but would be similarly dry due to high evapotranspiration. There is no meteorological station in an arid region. Average yearly rainfall is less than 100 mm (3.94 in). The central and southern deserts are devoid of considerable vegetation.

5 - Arabian Desert

Arabian Desert

The Arabian Desert is a large desert environment that spans practically the whole Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It runs from Yemen to the Persian Gulf, from Oman to Jordan, and from Iraq to Jordan. It covers the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of 2,330,000 square kilometers (900,000 sq mi). It is the fifth-biggest desert in the world and the biggest in Asia.
At its heart sits Ar-Rub' al-Khali (the Empty Quarter), one of the world's largest continuous bodies of sand. It's a continuation of the Sahara Desert. the desert-adapted creatures that thrive in this harsh habitat, which includes everything from crimson dunes to lethal quicksand.
The climate is mostly dry (the major part receives around 100 mm (3.9 in) of rain per year, but some very rare places receive as little as 50 mm), and temperatures fluctuate between extreme heat and frequent nighttime freezing.

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Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert is a vast desert region in East Asia that encompasses much of Northern China and Southern Mongolia. It is Asia's second-largest desert and the world's third-largest cold desert. The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, which means it has been forced to become a desert because mountains obstruct all plant-growing, rainy weather.

7 - Kalahari Desert

Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is a huge semi-arid sandy savanna in Southern Africa that spans 900,000 square kilometers (350,000 square miles) and encompasses much of Botswana, as well as sections of Namibia and South Africa. The name Kalahari is derived from the Tswana words Kgala, which means "great thirst," or Kgalagadi, which means "a waterless place"; the Kalahari is characterized by enormous stretches of red sand with no permanent surface water.

8 - Patagonian Desert

Patagonian Desert

The Patagonian Desert, usually called the Patagonian Steppe, is Argentina's largest desert and the world's eighth largest desert by area, encompassing 673,000 square kilometers (260,000 mi2). Gatherers have lived in the desert since Pre-Hispanic times, but migration of Argentines, Welsh, and other European peoples in the nineteenth century transformed it from a contentious border zone into an integrated component of Argentina, with cattle, sheep, and horse husbandry as the primary land uses.The Patagonian Desert has been in existence since the Middle Miocene (14–12 million years ago), when the Andes climbed to the west.

9 - Syrian Desert

Syrian Desert

The Syrian Desert, sometimes referred to as the North Arabian Desert, the Jordanian Steppe, or the Badiya, is a desert, semi-desert, and steppe region of the Middle East that includes sections of southern Syria, eastern Jordan, northern Saudi Arabia, and western Iraq. It covers 85% of Jordan's land area and 55% of Syria's. It approaches and merges with the Arabian Desert to the south. The terrain consists of broad, stony, or gravelly desert pavement broken up by a few wadis.

10 - Great Basin Desert

Great Basin Desert

The Great Basin Desert, located in central-west Nevada, USA, between both the Sierra Nevada and the Wasatch Mountains, is the world's tenth-largest desert. The high elevation of the desert and its location among mountain ranges influence the regional climate. Lake Lahontan and Lake Bonneville, which dried out after the last ice age, have an impact on the ecology. These lakes left varying quantities of salt and alkalinity.

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